Threat Actors are Interested in Generative AI, but Use Remains Limited

Since at least 2019, Mandiant has tracked threat actor interest in, and use of, AI capabilities to facilitate a variety of malicious activity. Based on Mandiant own observations and open source accounts, adoption of AI in intrusion operations remains limited and primarily related to social engineering.

In contrast, information operations actors of diverse motivations and capabilities have increasingly leveraged AI-generated content, particularly imagery and video, in their campaigns, likely due at least in part to the readily apparent applications of such fabrications in disinformation. Additionally, the release of multiple generative AI tools in the last year has led to a renewed interest in the impact of these capabilities.

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Source: Mandiant